Suggested reading

The following publications will help you to keep up-to-date on the diagnosis of HE:

  • Rivera-Espinosa L, Floriano-Sánchez E, Pedraza-Chaverrí J, et al. Contributions of microdialysis to new alternative therapeutics for hepatic encephalopathy. Int J Mol Sci. 2013;14(8):16184-206.
  • Thayapararajah SW, Gulka I, Al-Amri A, et al. Acute fulminant hepatic failure, encephalopathy and early CT changes. Can J Neurol Sci. 2013;40(4):553-7.
  • Felipo V. Hepatic encephalopathy: effects of liver failure on brain function. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2013;14(12):851-8.
  • Scheau C, Popa G, Ghergus A, et al. Persistent repeated measurements by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy demonstrate Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy: a case report. J Med Life. 2013;6(3):299-301.
  • Salgado M, Cortes Y. Hepatic encephalopathy: diagnosis and treatment. Compend Contin Educ Vet. 2013;35(6):E1-9; quiz E10.
  • Häussinger D, Sies H. Hepatic encephalopathy: clinical aspects and pathogenetic concept. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2013;536(2):97-100.
  • Butz M, May ES, Häussinger D, Schnitzler A. The slowed brain: cortical oscillatory activity in hepatic encephalopathy. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2013;536(2):197-203.
  • Ferenci P. Diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy: still a challenge. Gut. 2013;62(10):1394.
  • Goldbecker A, Weissenborn K, Hamidi Shahrezaei G, et al. Comparison of the most favoured methods for the diagnosis of hepatic encephalopathy in liver transplantation candidates. Gut. 2013;62(10):1497-504.
  • Gundling F, Zelihic E, Seidl H, et al. How to diagnose hepatic encephalopathy in the emergency department. Ann Hepatol. 2013;12(1):108-14.
  • Stephens S, Nyman H, Shane-McWhorter L. Assessing and treating hepatic encephalopathy in the older patient. Consult Pharm. 2012;27(11):797-802.
  • Ciećko-Michalska I, Dziedzic T, Banyś R, et al. Does magnetic resonance spectroscopy identify patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy? Neurol Neurochir Pol. 2012;46(5):436-42.
  • Lee S, Park JY. Prediction of minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2012;18(5):299-300
  • Adrover R, Barrio M, Malca Albuquerque M, et al. Validation of the number connection test for identifying patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam. 2012;42(2):105-11.
  • Zhan T, Stremmel W. The diagnosis and treatment of minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2012;109(10):180-7.